What is peace in ancient Greek?
Eirene (/aɪˈriːniː/; Greek: Εἰρήνη, Eirēnē, [eːrɛ́ːnɛː], lit. “Peace”), more commonly known in English as Peace, was one of the Horae, the personification of peace.
Why is it called the Peace of Nicias?
The Peace of Nicias, named after the chief Athenian negotiator, was a treaty of mutual defense between Athens and Sparta in which they each agreed to defend each other for the next fifty years! Almost immediately problems became apparent.
What is the true meaning of peace?
1 : freedom or a period of freedom from public disturbance or war. 2 : a quiet and calm state of mind. 3 : agreement and harmony among people. 4 : an agreement to end a war.
What does the name peace mean?
In English Baby Names the meaning of the name Peace is: Peace; peaceful. One of the many qualities and virtues that the Puritans adopted as names after the Reformation.
What does King’s peace mean?
1 : the special protection secured by the monarch in Anglo-Saxon and medieval England to particular persons (as members of the royal household) or places (as the king’s highway) and occasionally to specific periods of time (as coronation days) —used when the British monarch is a king the king’s peace was to abide in …
What does under the king’s peace mean?
Definition of ‘king’s peace’
1. (in early medieval England) the protection secured by the king for particular people or places. 2. (in medieval England) the general peace secured to the entire realm by the law administered in the king’s name. Collins English Dictionary.
What happened in the Peace of Nicias?
The Peace of Nicias, was a peace treaty signed between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta in March 421 BC that ended the first half of the Peloponnesian War. In 425 BC, the Spartans had lost the Battles of Pylos and Sphacteria, a severe defeat resulting in the Athenians holding 292 prisoners.
Why was the Peace of Nicias broken?
Sparta made promises that it could not keep. Moreover, it betrayed its allies Corinth and Megara, because it accepted the Athenian occupation of territories that belonged to these cities. Almost immediately after the treaty had been signed, it collapsed.
What was one of Pericles’s goals?
that this period often is called the Age of Pericles. He had three goals: (1) to strengthen Athenian democracy, (2) to hold and strengthen the empire, and (3) to glorify Athens.