Quick Answer: When was Athens an aristocracy?

Did Athens have an aristocracy?

The aristocracy ruled Athens. Nearly all government decisions and operations were in the hands of a half-dozen leaders called archons and lesser officials called magistrates. An assembly of nobles, most from wealthy landowning families, elected these leaders each year.

How did the aristocracy change to a democracy in Athens?

The Athenian Revolution (508–507 BCE) was a revolt by the people of Athens that overthrew the ruling aristocratic oligarchy, establishing the almost century-long self-governance of Athens in the form of a participatory democracy – open to all free male citizens.

Was Athens an oligarchy or democracy?

The Athenian coup of 411 BC was the result of a revolution that took place during the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta. The coup overthrew the democratic government of ancient Athens and replaced it with a short-lived oligarchy known as the Four Hundred.

Was Athens a monarchy?

Before the Athenian democracy, the tyrants, and the Archons, the city-state of Athens was ruled by kings.

When did aristocracy end in Athens?

From 621 to 508 B.C.E., Athens, one of the largest city-states in Greece, was governed by a series of aristocratic leaders.

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Why were Athenians unhappy about the rule of the aristocrats?

Athenian tyrants were usually good leaders. … After Peisistratus died, his son took over as tyrant. Many aristocrats, however, were unhappy because their power was gone. Some of these aristocrats convinced a rival city-state to attack Athens.

What was Sparta’s focus as a city-state?

Sparta’s focus as a city-state was military. They trained young men to become soldiers. They were like the Hikkos and the Assyrians and Unlike the Phoenicians or the Mionaons.

What was the purpose of the assembly in ancient Athens?

The Assembly (ἐκκλησία) was the regular opportunity for all male citizens of Athens to speak their minds and exercise their votes regarding the government of their city. It was the most central and most definitive institution of the Athenian Democracy.

Why is Athens worse than Sparta?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … Spartan girls were not taught just by their mothers like in Athens.

Which had an assembly Athens or Sparta?

Both Athens and Sparta had an assembly, whose members were elected by the people. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. … Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy.

When did Athens become a monarchy?

Monarchy. The city-states in Greece were established some time around the 9th century BC. From around the 9th into the 8th centuries, a king, or “basileus,” ruled the city-state with a group of nobles under him. However, the Athenian monarchy did not last very long.

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Did Athens have an Assembly?

The Assembly (ἐκκλησία) was the regular opportunity for all male citizens of Athens to speak their minds and exercise their votes regarding the government of their city. It was the most central and most definitive institution of the Athenian Democracy.