What was inside a Greek temple?
Inside the temple was an inner chamber that housed the statue of the god or goddess of the temple. … The inner chamber contained a large gold and ivory statue of Athena. Other Buildings. Besides temples, the Greeks built numerous other types of public buildings and structures.
What was the layout of the Greek temples?
Temples with a peripteral arrangement (from the Greek πτερον (pteron) meaning “wing) have a single line of columns arranged all around the exterior of the temple building. Dipteral temples simply have a double row of columns surrounding the building.
What are 3 famous pieces of Greek architecture?
Many of these buildings – the Parthenon, the Caryatid porch of the Erechtheion, the volute of an Ionic capital to name just three – have become the instantly recognisable and iconic symbols of ancient Greece.
What is a Greek fresco?
Fresco is the art of painting on plastered walls. This medium was one of ancient Greek civilization’s art forms : interiors of villas and palaces were covered with fanciful impressions of life and nature in the Greek world. … A wall was prepared for painting with a thin layer of white lime plaster.
What did the inside of a Greek temple look like?
The first temples were mostly mud, brick, and marble structures on stone foundations. The columns and superstructure (entablature) were wooden, door openings and antae were protected with wooden planks. The mud brick walls were often reinforced by wooden posts, in a type of half-timbered technique.
What are the two essential parts of any Greek sanctuary?
With the altar, its surrounding fence, and the perirrhanterion we now have the basic elements of a Greek sanctuary – the altar being required, the fence and perirrhanterion being very common.
What is one of the primary differences between the 3 styles of Greek temples?
Main Differences Between Doric and Ionic Columns
Doric is the simplest and oldest of the three Greek architectural orders while the Ionic is the second order which was later developed. Doric columns are huge and stocky while the Ionic columns are more slender and taller.
What is the differentiating element between the 3 types of columns?
Greek architecture is famous for its use of graceful and beautiful columns. During the classical Greek architecture period, (there) were three types of columns used (in) Greek temples. The columns differ because (of) their tops, which are called capitals.