When was the Athenian Assembly created?
Its roots lay in the Homeric agora, the meeting of the people. The Athenian Ecclesia, for which exists the most detailed record, was already functioning in Draco’s day (c. 621 bc). In the course of Solon’s codification of the law (c.
How was the Athenian Assembly chosen?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
Where did the Athenian Assembly or Ekklesia meet to decide laws?
As a rule, the Ekklesia met at its own special meeting place known as the Pnyx, a large theater-shaped area set into the long ridge west of the Acropolis.
What did the Assembly do in Athens?
The Assembly (ἐκκλησία) was the regular opportunity for all male citizens of Athens to speak their minds and exercise their votes regarding the government of their city. It was the most central and most definitive institution of the Athenian Democracy.
What were the major responsibilities of the Athenian assembly?
The assembly was responsible for declaring war, military strategy and electing the strategoi and other officials. It was responsible for nominating and electing magistrates (árchontes), thus indirectly electing the members of the Areopagus.
Who made up the Athenian assembly?
The first was the ekklesia, or Assembly, the sovereign governing body of Athens. Any member of the demos—any one of those 40,000 adult male citizens—was welcome to attend the meetings of the ekklesia, which were held 40 times per year in a hillside auditorium west of the Acropolis called the Pnyx.
Did Athens have a bicameral assembly?
Rome had a bicameral assembly, and Athens did not. Athens allowed all citizens to vote, while Rome was a republic.
Why did the assembly meet outdoors?
The assembly met outdoors on a hillside so that everyone could attend the meetings. During meetings, people stood before the crowd and gave speeches on political issues. Every citizen had the right to speak his opinion. In fact, the Athenians encouraged people to speak.
How were women’s lives in Sparta and Athens alike?
Women in Sparta had more rights than women in Athens as well. Spartan women could inherit property while Athenian women had no such rights. Spartan women had the rights to own wealth and property. In Sparta, normally, when a person died, the land would be inherited by the owner’s children.
How did someone get into the assembly in Sparta?
Assembly of the People
The Spartan Assembly was similar to the Athenian Ecclesia. … Spartan citizens were automatically admitted to the Assembly once they reached the age of 30.
Did Sparta have an assembly?
Apella, ancient Spartan assembly, corresponding to the ekklēsia of other Greek states. Its monthly meetings, probably restricted to full citizens over 30, were presided over at first by the kings, later by ephors (magistrates).
Why was ostracism practiced in ancient Athens?
Cleisthenes devised the Ostracism as political practice to protect Athens and newly created democracy from potential tyrants. … For example, demagogues were able to gain influence at the popular assembly through their speeches and question the democratic system.