What is the Greek word for lyre?
The lyre is a stringed musical instrument known for its use in Greek classical antiquity and later. The word comes from the Greek “λύρα” and the earliest reference to the word is the Mycenaean Greek ru-ra-ta-e, meaning “lyrists”, written in Linear B syllabic script.
What were Greek lyres made of?
The first lyres in Ancient Greece were made of tortoise shells. They had two fixed upright arms and a cross bar. There were tuning pegs often made of bone, ivory, wood or even bronze. Strings were usually made of sheep gut.
What is a Greek Kithara?
The kithara, an instrument of the lyre family, had seven strings of equal length and a solidly built, wooden body, usually with a flat base. Strings of gut or sinew were stretched from a holder at the base of the instrument over a bridge to the crossbar that joined the two sidepieces.
Where did lyres come from?
The lyre was invented by the Sumerians of ancient Iraq around 3200 BCE. Its design was developed from the harp by replacing the single bow shape with two upright arms joined by a crossbar, and the strings, instead of joining the sound box directly, were made to run over a bridge attached to the box.
What do you call an ancient lyre?
Cithara (kithara) – the version of the lyre used by professional musicians.
What is a synonym for lyre?
In this page you can discover 9 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for lyre, like: cithara, kettledrum, harp, lute, timbrel, cornett, crwth, stringed-instrument and psaltery.
Is a lyre a lute?
A lyre belongs to the lute family. It is sometimes referred to as “yoke lute” for its strings are attached to a yoke that settles in the same plans as the sound table. This instrument consists of two arms and a crossbar sticking out from a certain level.
What does the lyre symbolize?
As an attribute of Apollo, the god of prophecy and music, the lyre to the ancient Greeks symbolized wisdom and moderation. Greek lyres fell into two types, exemplified by the lyra and kithara.