What two emotions does Aristotle believe are proper to tragedy?
“Tragedy,” says Aristotle, “is an imitation [mimēsis] of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude…through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation [catharsis] of these emotions.” Ambiguous means may be employed, Aristotle maintains in contrast to Plato, to a virtuous and purifying end.
What are the two feelings that tragedy must inspire in the audience?
Aristotle states that the purpose of tragedy is to arouse “terror and pity” and thereby effect the catharsis of these emotions. His exact meaning has been the subject of critical debate over the centuries.
What is Aristotle’s theory of tragedy?
The classic discussion of Greek tragedy is Aristotle’s Poetics. He defines tragedy as “the imitation of an action that is serious and also as having magnitude, complete in itself.” He continues, “Tragedy is a form of drama exciting the emotions of pity and fear.
What are the two tragic emotions?
The Tragic Emotions1 David Konstan Among the critical ideas—such as imitation, catharsis, recognition , and peripety—that Aristotle’s Poetics has bequeathed to the world is the thesis that tragedy engenders two characteristic emotions, pity (eleos) and fear (phobos).
What emotions should great tragedies inspire?
According to Aristotle, the function of tragedy is to arouse pity and fear in the audience so that we may be purged, or cleansed, of these unsettling emotions. Aristotle’s term for this emotional purging is the Greek word catharsis.
How does Aristotle define tragedy and the tragic hero?
To sum up: Aristotle defined a tragic hero rather strictly as a man of noble birth with heroic qualities whose fortunes change due to a tragic flaw or mistake (often emerging from the character’s own heroic qualities) that ultimately brings about the tragic hero’s terrible, excessive downfall.
What 3 elements did Aristotle feel a tragic plot needed?
Aristotle said that tragedy has six main elements:
How does Aristotle define tragedy and its components in poetics?
Aristotle defines tragedy as “the imitation of an action that is serious and having magnitude, complete in itself” in the medium of poetic language and the manner of dramatic presentation which incorporates “incidents arousing pity and fear, wherewith to accomplish catharsis of such emotions”.
What makes a Greek tragedy?
Greek tragedy in British English
(ɡriːk ˈtrædʒədɪ) (in ancient Greek theatre) a play in which the protagonist, usually a person of importance and outstanding personal qualities, falls to disaster through the combination of a personal failing and circumstances with which he or she cannot deal. Collins English Dictionary …