What effect did the geography of ancient Greece have on its early development quizlet?
Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).
What were the 3 classes of people in Greece?
male citizens – three groups: landed aristocrats (aristoi), poorer farmers (periokoi) and the middle class (artisans and traders). semi-free labourers (e.g the helots of Sparta). women – belonging to all of the above male groups but without citizen rights.
What was the highest class in Greek society?
The highest class was made up of people born in Athens. Others from different locations could never aspire to fit in with this social group. This upper class was responsible for everything from the government to education and philosophy. If there was any type of work that needed to be done, slaves were required.
When sociologists talk of social class, they refer to a group of individuals who occupy a similar position in the economic system of production. Within that system occupation is very important because it provides financial rewards, stability and benefits like healthcare.
The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens.
Sparta was an “Oligarchy”. … Sparta’s system of government was very exclusive and open to members of only the highest social standing. On the other hand, Athens was a democracy, which meant “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule).
Why is family so important to Greek society?
The family unit is the most important foundation of Greek society, providing emotional and economic support to the individual. The social life of most Greeks deeply involves their relatives and the extended family plays a strong role in one’s life. … Greeks tend to be very proud of their families.
What jobs did the middle class have in ancient Greece?
Middle-class Greek men worked primarily as farmers on their own small plantations and often sold their produce to city-dwellers. Greek aristocrats owned and managed large estates.
Why did the Spartans need the helots?
The Spartans were a particularly land-hungry warrior society. In 715 B.C.E., the Spartans solved their need for more land by conquering the agriculturally rich region of Messene. … The helots’ work helped to make Sparta a wealthy city, and in time they became trusted members of Spartan families.