What were the responsibilities of citizens in ancient Athens?

What was expected of the citizens of Athens?

Athenian democracy depended on every citizen fulfilling his role. All citizens were expected to vote, but they were also expected to serve in the government if necessary. In Athens, the people governed, and the majority ruled. All citizens had equal rights and powers.

What were male citizens responsibilities in ancient Athens?

Male citizens in Athens could vote on all the decisions that affected the city and serve on juries. … Slaves and foreigners living in Athens (known as metics) were banned from participating in government. The city was also a great centre for art and literature.

What were the major responsibilities of the Athenian assembly?

The assembly was responsible for declaring war, military strategy and electing the strategoi and other officials. It was responsible for nominating and electing magistrates (árchontes), thus indirectly electing the members of the Areopagus.

What jobs did Athenian citizens do?

Jobs in Ancient Greece

There were many jobs for men in Ancient Greece including farmer, fisherman, soldier, teacher, government worker, and craftsman. The women, however, were generally homemakers and would raise the children and cook the meals.

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Why was Citizenship important in ancient Greece?

In many cities, like Athens, citizenship came with substantial political rights, since all citizens were legally considered to be equals. The desire to respect the rights of citizens is what led Athens to develop the world’s first democracy, as a way for people to have a say in their own government.

Who was a citizen in Athens?

The Athenian definition of “citizens” was also different from modern-day citizens: only free men were considered citizens in Athens. Women, children, and slaves were not considered citizens and therefore could not vote. Each year 500 names were chosen from all the citizens of ancient Athens.

What did it take to be a citizen in ancient Athens?

To be classed as a citizen in fifth-century Athens you had to be male, born from two Athenian parents, over eighteen years old, and complete your military service. Women, slaves, metics and children under the age of 20 were not allowed to become citizens.

How were citizens involved in the government of Athens?

How were citizens involved in government in Athens? They participated in the assembly, on juries, and held public offices. … In direct democracy, each citizen participates directly in government. In representative democracy, elected official represent citizens in government and make and vote on laws.

What rights and responsibilities did citizens have in Athenian democracy?

All Athenian citizens had the right to vote in the Assembly, debate, own land and own slaves. All Athenian citizens were expected to have military training, be educated, pay their taxes and serve Athens in times of war.

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How many citizens were in ancient Athens?

In Athens and Attica, there were at least 150,000 Athenians, around 50,000 aliens, and more than 100,000 slaves. Approximately 8,000 Spartiates (adult male citizens) ruled over a population of 100,000 enslaved and semi-enslaved people.

Did Athens have citizens as the upper class?

Upper classes had all power and privilege. Helots (slaves) did all nonmilitary work. All citizens were equal. Women and slaves were excluded from becoming citizens.

Branch of Government Sparta Athens
Judicial Kings acted as judges. Court- very large juries chosen by lot who used secret ballots to reach a verdict.