What were the two most powerful city states in early Greece?

What was the strongest Greek state?

Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city Athens in the Peloponnesian war between 431 and 404 BC. Spartan culture was centered on loyalty to the state and military service. Athen’s Culture: Athens was the largest and most powerful Greek state.

What were the two main city-states of ancient Greece quizlet?

Athens and Sparta–Ancient Greece.

When was Greece most powerful?

Classical Greece flourished during the 5th to 4th centuries BC. This was marked by the period of the Persian Wars (c. 510-479 BC), the Golden Age of Athens (c. 479-404 BC), and the later Classical era (404-338 BC).

Who makes Athens a powerful city?

Under the Athenian Pericles, the Athenians moved the treasury of the league to Athens. The city also continued to consolidate and take monetary resources, increasing its wealth and power. The cities and regions that followed Athens essentially formed an empire under Athens’ leadership by the 450s.

How were the city-states of Greece different?

Each city-state ruled itself. They differed greatly from the each other in governing philosophies and interests. … Another reason city-states formed, rather than a central, all-encompassing monarchy, was that the Greek aristocracy strove to maintain their city-states’ independence and to unseat any potential tyrants.

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What was Sparta’s focus as a city-state?

Sparta’s focus as a city-state was military. They trained young men to become soldiers. They were like the Hikkos and the Assyrians and Unlike the Phoenicians or the Mionaons.

Which is better Athens or Sparta?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … Lastly, Sparta is the best polis of ancient Greece because women had freedom.

How were the city-states of Greece different quizlet?

The differences between Athens and Sparta were, Athens was a democracy and Sparta had an oligarchy. Athens was located in the Balkan Peninsula and Sparta was located on the Peloponnesian Peninsula. Athens depended on trade and Sparta did not need to depend on trade.

Where were Sparta and Athens located in Greece quizlet?

Sparta, also known as Lacedaemon, was an ancient Greek city-state located primarily in the present-day region of southern Greece called Laconia. Athens is a city found in Attica, Greece. It is located 37.98 latitude and 23.72 longitude and it is situated at elevation 42 meters above sea level.

Which city-state Athens or Sparta had the most effective system of government?

The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war. The oligarchy structure in Sparta enabled it to keep war as a top priority.

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