Why was Greece weaker after the Peloponnesian War?
All Greek city-states were weakened by the war. Many casualties. Farms were destroyed. The war made it difficult for the Greeks to trust each other and made future unification nearly impossible.
Was Greece weakened by the Peloponnesian War?
However, it marked the demise of Athenian naval and political hegemony throughout the Mediterranean. The destruction from the Peloponnesian War weakened and divided the Greeks for years to come, eventually allowing the Macedonians an opportunity to conquer them in the mid-4th century BCE.
How was Greece affected after the Peloponnesian War?
After the Peloponnesian War, the Spartans set up an oligarchy in Athens, which was called the Thirty. It was short-lived, and democracy was restored. … An even closer association with Sparta seemed the best way to remain in power, and Critias, whose loyalty to Sparta was not in doubt, became more influential.
What is one reason why the Athenians lost the Peloponnesian War?
Though the war dragged on for another decade, the combined effects of those two problems lost the Peloponnesian War for Athens. According to Hansen in A War Like No Other, one reason Athens lost was because it fought not just Sparta, but also Sparta’s Peloponnesian alliance, as well as Corinth and Thebes.
How did the Persian war affect Greece?
After initial Persian victories, the Persians were eventually defeated, both at sea and on land. The wars with the Persians had a great effect on ancient Greeks. The Athenian Acropolis was destroyed by the Persians, but the Athenian response was to build the beautiful buildings whose ruins we can still see today.
Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War quizlet?
What contributed to Athens losing the Peloponnesian War? – Athens was overcrowded, and a plague spread through the city. – The death of Pericles led the Spartans to attack Athens directly. – The Spartans successfully broke through the walls around Athens.
What happened that weakened Athens during the First Peloponnesian War?
What happened that weakened Athens during the First Peloponnesian War? … the war left Greece exhausted and vulnerable to attack. Persia was able to take advantage of Greek divisions to complete its conquest. Sparta’s victory propelled it to lasting domination of Greece.
What were the causes and effects of the Peloponnesian War?
The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. … This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.
What were the main effects of the Persian and Peloponnesian wars?
This war causes devastation to Greek city-states. Greeks become weak, people die in battle, and farms are destroyed. 30 years of rebellion and fighting.