What is the Assembly in ancient Greek?
Ecclesia, Greek Ekklēsia, (“gathering of those summoned”), in ancient Greece, assembly of citizens in a city-state. Its roots lay in the Homeric agora, the meeting of the people.
How was the Athenian Assembly chosen?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
Who made up the Athenian Assembly?
The first was the ekklesia, or Assembly, the sovereign governing body of Athens. Any member of the demos—any one of those 40,000 adult male citizens—was welcome to attend the meetings of the ekklesia, which were held 40 times per year in a hillside auditorium west of the Acropolis called the Pnyx.
Who was in the Assembly Sparta?
Assembly of all male citizens
All full Spartan citizens (those men who had completed the rigorous training through the age of 30 without any dishonor) were called Spartiates or Equals. They were eligible to attend the Assembly, which met monthly, and elected public officials and pass laws.
Why was Assembly important in Athens?
The Assembly (ἐκκλησία) was the regular opportunity for all male citizens of Athens to speak their minds and exercise their votes regarding the government of their city. It was the most central and most definitive institution of the Athenian Democracy.
What was the role of the courts in Athens?
The Athenian law court was large and decisions were made by majority. The courts could also exile those from society who were gaining too much power and could become tyrants. The laws of Athens also changed as the courts changed to work better with society. “The early Greeks were a litigious lot.”
What role did the Assembly play in Sparta?
Sparta. The Assembly (ἐκκλησία) was the regular opportunity for all male citizens of Athens to speak their minds and exercise their votes regarding the government of their city. It was the most central and most definitive institution of the Athenian Democracy.
What was the role of competition in the evolution of Greek society and politics?
The ancient Greeks treated competition as a sacred endeavor. Competitive festivals were religious, held in honor of the gods and local heroes, and competitors offered their performances as tribute.
What was the purpose of the Ecclesia in Athens?
Ecclesia (Ekklesia) is the term used for the assembly in Greek city-states (poleis), including Athens. The ecclesia was a meeting place where the citizens could speak their minds and try to influence one another in the political process.
What was the role of the council in ancient Athens?
The Council of 500 represented the full-time government of Athens. … The Council could issue decrees on its own, regarding certain matters, but its main function was to prepare the agenda for meetings of the Assembly.
How did someone get into the assembly in Sparta?
Assembly of the People
The Spartan Assembly was similar to the Athenian Ecclesia. … Spartan citizens were automatically admitted to the Assembly once they reached the age of 30.