‘ This Athenian naval reputation resulted largely from the role played by the Athenian fleet in the defeat of the Persians at Salamis in 480 and also from the Athenian maritime empire which enjoyed hegemony in the Aegean following the Persian Wars. Clearly, Athens was the pre-eminent naval power among the Greek states.
Sparta was leader of an alliance of independent states that included most of the major land powers of the Peloponnese and central Greece, as well as the sea power Corinth. Thus, the Athenians had the stronger navy and the Spartans the stronger army.
Did Athens have a strong military?
While Athens did have a strong military, its soldiers were more militia than regular army. They had careers as craftsmen or artists and served in times of need, and did not perpetually live in military barracks like their Spartan counterparts.
Boys had to join the Spartan army. Athenian men aged between 20- 50 could be called up for military service. Athens had a strong naval force and were masters of the sea. Spartans were land-locked so had a very strong land army.
What made Athens powerful?
This rise occurred largely due to its prominent location and control of key trading routes and leadership in the wars against Persia. While other Greek cities held more powerful armies, such as Sparta, Athens’ leadership proved attractive and helped pave the way for its influence.
Why is Sparta better than Athens?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … Lastly, Sparta is the best polis of ancient Greece because women had freedom.
What main advantage did Athens have?
The Athenians were stronger because they had a better geography, government, cultural achievements, and I would rather live in the Athens. Athens had a geographic advantage because they were very superior. The Athens lived by the Sea which was an advantage because they had an excellent trading system.
Who were Athens best warriors?
Megarians, like all the Greeks, were trained warriors. Spartans might be the best warriors, but all Greek citizens knew how to fight. Megarians would fight if they had to, but they would much rather trade or negotiate. In the ancient Greek world, Megara was famous for its textiles.
How did Athens beat Sparta?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. … First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes. Finally, the Long Walls were taken down.
How did Athens and Sparta compare in power?
Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually. Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.
Who had the strongest army on land Athens or Sparta?
Chapter 4 The Ancient Greeks
|Sparta||had the strongest army in Greece|
|Athens||developed into an emerging democracy; had the strongest navy in Greece|
|helots||person who was conquered and enslaved by the ancient Spartans|
Which had slaves Athens or Sparta?
Like most of the ancient world, Athens had slaves, who had been captured in wars. About 100,000 men and women slaves made up about a third of the population.
Did Sparta or Athens have citizens as the upper class?
Upper classes had all power and privilege. Helots (slaves) did all nonmilitary work. All citizens were equal. Women and slaves were excluded from becoming citizens.
|Branch of Government||Sparta||Athens|
|Judicial||Kings acted as judges.||Court- very large juries chosen by lot who used secret ballots to reach a verdict.|