Did Athens have a strong military?
While Athens did have a strong military, its soldiers were more militia than regular army. They had careers as craftsmen or artists and served in times of need, and did not perpetually live in military barracks like their Spartan counterparts.
Boys had to join the Spartan army. Athenian men aged between 20- 50 could be called up for military service. Athens had a strong naval force and were masters of the sea. Spartans were land-locked so had a very strong land army.
What military strength did Athens have?
The Athenians kept pace with rising territorial commitments by greatly increasing the size of their military. Athens’ army went from a late sixth-century bc count of 3,600 armored spearmen to 13,000 citizen regulars on the rolls by 431 bc. Likewise, the Athenian fleet grew from 60 to 300 ships over the same period.
How did Athens beat Sparta?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. … First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes. Finally, the Long Walls were taken down.
Was Athens or Sparta better?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers.
Why were Athens and Sparta rivals?
The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.
What made Athens powerful?
This rise occurred largely due to its prominent location and control of key trading routes and leadership in the wars against Persia. While other Greek cities held more powerful armies, such as Sparta, Athens’ leadership proved attractive and helped pave the way for its influence.
Was Sparta more advanced than Athens?
Ancient Athens, had a much more stronger basis than ancient Sparta. All the sciences, democracy, philosophy etc were originally found in Athens. Sparta’s only ace was its military way of life and war tactics. Athens also had much more trading power, and controlled more land than Sparta.
Why did the Spartans fight the Athenians?
The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. … This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.
Throughout their history, the Spartans were a land-based force par excellence. During the Persian Wars, they contributed a small navy of 20 triremes and provided the overall fleet commander. Nevertheless, they largely relied on their allies, primarily the Corinthians, for naval power.