What was the role of a magistrate in the Athenian trial procedure?
But magistrates probably carried out the humdrum work of punishment in Athens. … These magistrates (with the help of their subordinates, slave and free) could fine, arbitrate, and prosecute or preside at a trial.
Who could be a citizen of Athens?
The Athenian definition of “citizens” was also different from modern-day citizens: only free men were considered citizens in Athens. Women, children, and slaves were not considered citizens and therefore could not vote. Each year 500 names were chosen from all the citizens of ancient Athens.
What type of Athenian magistrates was elected?
The vast majority of Athenian magistrates were chosen by lot, and almost all were chosen for a non-renewable one-year period. The people could choose by this method 1,100 people annually: 500 members of the Council and another 600 magistrates. The remaining 100 magistrates were appointed by direct election.
What were magistrates in Athens?
Archon, Greek Archōn, in ancient Greece, the chief magistrate or magistrates in many city-states. The office became prominent in the Archaic period, when the kings (basileis) were being superseded by aristocrats. At Athens the list of annual archons begins with 682 bc.
What role did citizens play in Greek trials?
JURY SELECTION, TRIAL BY JURY: To be on a jury, you had to be a citizen. … Some trials had as many as 500 jurors who had volunteered to judge a case. Only the jury could bring in a decision that someone was guilty or innocent. The judge only kept order, but could not decide a trial outcome.
How were court cases decided in ancient Athens?
The Athenian jurors were chosen randomly by lot, which meant that juries would consist, in theory, of a wide range of members from different social classes. Jurors were chosen on an annual basis, as were all other offices within the state (with the exception of the generals, known as strategoi).
How does one become a magistrate?
To become a Magistrate
- Magistrates are usually appointed by a State or Federal Governor or Attorney-General. To be eligible, you need to have completed a law degree and have been licensed to practise law for a minimum of eight years. Find a Bachelor of Laws.
- Registration or licencing may be required.
What were magistrates responsible for?
The optimo jure elected assemblies, and the assemblies elected magistrates, enacted legislation, presided over trials in capital cases, declared war and peace, and forged or dissolved treaties. There were two types of legislative assemblies.
Who ruled ancient Greece?
From about 2000 B.C.E. to 800 B.C.E., most Greek city-states were ruled by monarchs—usually kings (the Greeks did not allow women to have power). At first, the Greek kings were chosen by the people of the city-state. When a king died, another leader was selected to take his place.