How did ancient Greece contribute to mathematics and science?

How did the Greeks contribute to math and science?

Influenced initially by the Egyptians, Greek mathematicians would push on to make breakthroughs such as Pythagoras’ theory of right-angled triangles and, by focussing on the abstract, bring clarity and precision to age-old mathematical problems.

How did ancient Greece contribute to mathematics?

Greeks refined analytical methods by introducing deductive reasoning and mathematical rigor in proofs. Rigor was a thoroughness and attention to detail for improving accuracy. Proofs established analytical methods as having a formalized structure. Of importance was the suitability of mathematics to analytical methods.

How did ancient Greece contribute to science?

The Greeks were one of the first civilizations to study medicine as a scientific way to cure illnesses and disease. They had doctors who studied sick people, observed their symptoms, and then came up with some practical treatments. The most famous Greek doctor was Hippocrates.

What was learning math like in ancient Greece?

Most, if not all, of the upper classes learned the minimum which seems to have included Letters, Music, Gymnastics and only a modicum of Arithmetics or Geometry. At the age of 12 the boys were moved to a school where they then learnt Grammar and the basics of Logic and Rhetoric.

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How was Greek mathematics helped by using proofs?

Greek mathematicians were also very interested in proving that certain mathematical ideas were true. So they spent a lot of time using geometry to prove that math facts were always true, even though people like the Egyptians and Babylonians already knew that these math facts were true most of the time anyway.

What was the most outstanding mathematical contribution of the early Greeks?

Most famous work is Euclid’s Elements c. 300 BC, indisputably the most important mathematical work in western mathematics and a primary textbook in western education until the early 1900’s.

What Greek thinkers influenced science and mathematics?

Building on Egyptian and Babylonian knowledge, figures such as Thales of Miletus, Pythagoras, and Aristotle developed ideas in mathematics, astronomy, and logic that would influence Western thought, science, and philosophy for centuries to come.

What scientific discoveries did the Greeks make?

Amazing astronomical discoveries from ancient Greece

  • The planets orbit the sun. A few centuries later, there had been a lot of progress. …
  • The size of the moon. One of Aristarchus’ books that did survive is about the sizes and distances of the Sun and Moon. …
  • The Earth’s circumference. …
  • The first astronomical calculator.

Who was a Greek mathematician quizlet?

Hippocrates of Chios (Greek: Ἱπποκράτης ὁ Χῖος) was an ancient Greek mathematician, geometer, and astronomer, who lived c. 470 – c. 410 BCE. You just studied 15 terms!