What does the Greek word Athens mean?
Named after its patron goddess, Athena, Athens is Greece’s largest city and its cultural, administrative, and economic center.
Why is Athens called Athens?
The name of Athens, connected to the name of its patron goddess Athena, originates from an earlier Pre-Greek language. … Both Athena and Poseidon requested to be patrons of the city and to give their name to it, so they competed with offering the city one gift each.
What is another word for Athens?
In this page you can discover 6 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for athens, like: athínai, capital of Greece, Greek capital, Panteion, MyAthens and http-www-athens-ac-uk.
What does Sparta mean in Greek?
Sparta, also known as Lacedaemon, was an ancient Greek city-state located primarily in the present-day region of southern Greece called Laconia. … The word laconic, which means pithy and concise, is derived from the Spartans, who prized brevity of speech.
What is Athens the god of?
Athens worshipped Athena, the goddess of wisdom, as a patron city-state god. The designation of Athena as patron of Athens occurred during the Great Panathenaea in 566 B.C., potentially coinciding with construction of the Altar of Athena Polias. … Elis and Olympia had Zeus as their city god.
Who was the ugliest god?
Facts about Hephaestus
Hephaestus was the only ugly god among perfectly beautiful immortals. Hephaestus was born deformed and was cast out of heaven by one or both of his parents when they noticed that he was imperfect. He was the workman of the immortals: he made their dwellings, furnishings, and weapons.
Who is Athens and Sparta?
Introduction 2500 years ago, two totally different city-states dominated Greece. Athens was an open society, and Sparta was a closed one. Athens was democratic, and Sparta was ruled by a select few. The differences were many.
Was Sparta or Athens better?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers.
Why did Athens choose Athena over Poseidon?
The two Olympian gods who were particularly interested in patronage were Poseidon, the god of the seas, and Athena, the goddess of wisdom and skill. … Cecrops was very impressed by Athena’s gift. So he chose Athena to be the ruler of the city of Athens and the city was named after her.
Is Athens older than Rome?
Athens is seriously old having been founded somewhere between 3000 and 5000 years BC. However Ancient Rome didn’t spring into life until at least a couple of millennia after the heyday of the great early civilisations in Greece and Egypt.