Who was allowed to be a citizen in ancient Athens?
The Athenian definition of “citizens” was also different from modern-day citizens: only free men were considered citizens in Athens. Women, children, and slaves were not considered citizens and therefore could not vote. Each year 500 names were chosen from all the citizens of ancient Athens.
Who held political power in Athens?
Around 460 B.C., under the rule of the general Pericles (generals were among the only public officials who were elected, not appointed) Athenian democracy began to evolve into something that we would call an aristocracy: the rule of what Herodotus called “the one man, the best.” Though democratic ideals and processes …
Who was eligible to sit on a jury in ancient Athens?
Who Could Be a Juror? Women and men who were not citizens were not allowed to be jurors. Although men over the age of 18 could participate in making the laws, only those over age 30 were able to serve as jurors. Each day’s jury panel would be selected by drawing lots.
How were rulers chosen in Athens?
They did have officials to run the government, however. Most of these officials were chosen by a lottery. So every citizen had a chance, regardless of their popularity or wealth, to become an official.
Who was allowed to participate in the government of ancient Athens all men all Greeks all citizens all Athenians?
Participation was open to adult, male citizens (i.e., not a foreign resident, regardless of how many generations of the family had lived in the city, nor a slave, nor a woman), who “were probably no more than 30 percent of the total adult population”.
What was Sparta’s focus as a city state?
Sparta’s focus as a city-state was military. They trained young men to become soldiers. They were like the Hikkos and the Assyrians and Unlike the Phoenicians or the Mionaons.
Who carried out justice in Athens?
At the present stage of research, the only judicial system sufficiently known to warrant description is that of 4th-century Athens. In the democratic period its justice was administered by magistrates, popular courts (dikastēria), and the Areopagus.
Who decided the outcome of Athenian trials?
Some trials had as many as 500 jurors who had volunteered to judge a case. Only the jury could bring in a decision that someone was guilty or innocent. The judge only kept order, but could not decide a trial outcome.
Who served as judges in the law courts of Athens?
Demosthenes (Dem. 19). While the Archons were responsible for ensuring the proper running of the Athenian courts, they did not serve as judges. In fact, there was no one in an Athenian courtroom who was a recognized legal authority, except for the several hundred (at least) jurors chosen from the Demos generally.