Quick Answer: Were there courts in ancient Greece?

What were courts called in ancient Greece?

The Athenian law court was large and decisions were made by majority. The courts could also exile those from society who were gaining too much power and could become tyrants. The laws of Athens also changed as the courts changed to work better with society. “The early Greeks were a litigious lot.”

Did ancient Greece have a jury?

In Ancient Greece, the smallest number of members on a jury was 201 but the average jury contained 501 members. Some juries numbered at 2001 members or more. The idea of having so many jurors was to prevent the jury from being bribed. There were always an odd number of jurors so that there wouldn’t be a tie vote.

How long were court cases in ancient Athens?

(Portion of larger map of Bernard Suzanne. Reprinted with permission.) The trial of Socrates took place over a nine-to-ten hour period in the People’s Court, located in the agora, the civic center of Athens. The jury consisted of 500 male citizens over the age of thirty, chosen by lot from among volunteers.

Who enforced the laws in ancient Greece?

The Law in Ancient Greece. The traditions of Athens and Sparta say that the laws were given to them by Solon and Lycurgus, legendary figures who served as leaders of their city-states long ago. The two traditions agree that the laws are made by the Assembly and approved by the Senate.

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Did the Greeks invent trial by jury?

Trial by jury was not invented by the ancient Greeks. But it was fine tuned. We use many of their steps in our court system today. In the USA today, a defendant can choose to have a judge rather than a jury trial.

Who presented the criminal cases in ancient Greece?

As in modern times, a case was initiated by a plaintiff bringing a complaint. The plaintiff was responsible for serving the complaint on the defendant in the presence of witnesses. [14] The complaint was then brought before a magistrate, who was a citizen chosen by lot, who then held a preliminary hearing [anakrisis].

How was a trial in ancient Athens different from one today?

Unlike a modern trial, in which evidence is presented in a highly fragmented form and later synthesized into a coherent case by the attorneys’ summation, Athenian litigants provided a largely uninterrupted narrative of their case punctuated with the reading of evidence; in an Athenian court the evidence did not make …

Who carried out justice in Athens?

At the present stage of research, the only judicial system sufficiently known to warrant description is that of 4th-century Athens. In the democratic period its justice was administered by magistrates, popular courts (dikastēria), and the Areopagus.