What are Metics in Greek?

Can metics become citizens?

As citizenship was a matter of inheritance and not of place of birth, a metic could be either an immigrant or the descendant of one. Regardless of how many generations of the family had lived in the city, metics did not become citizens unless the city chose to bestow citizenship on them as a gift.

Was Socrates a metic?

About half were free, one third were slaves, and one sixth were foreigners (metics). The free adult males who could vote numbered about 50,000. Socrates (470-399) was the son of a sculptor and a midwife, and served with distinction in the Athenian army during Athens’ clash with Sparta.

Can metics serve in the military?

Metics were foreigners living in Athens. They were expected to perform military service, and they could send their sons to school. But they could not own property without permission, and they could not vote or hold government positions.

Why were metics encouraged to settle in ancient Greece?

A Metic is a term that refers primarily to a non-citizen person permanently dwelling in Athens between 500 and 400 BC, a time in which foreigners were welcomed to settle in the city because of their positive impact on trade, culture and education.

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What do metics do?

metic, Greek Metoikos, in ancient Greece, any of the resident aliens, including freed slaves. … In Athens, where they were most numerous, they occupied an intermediate position between visiting foreigners and citizens, having both privileges and duties.

What jobs did metics have?

Metics were a class of free non-citizens, often employed on more menial, but nevertheless vital, tasks – including trireme building, rowing and maintenance. Metics were usually Greeks from other city-states. Women of non-Athenian origin could often rise to positions of considerable influence as courtesans.

Can metics vote?

Citizen women and children were not allowed to vote. Slaves and foreigners living in Athens (known as metics) were banned from participating in government.

Why were metics attracted to Athens?

Culturally why did Metics want to move to Athens? Athens during its golden age began to present itself as a city where science, art and philosophy was well ahead of the rest of the classical world. This attracted many philosophers, architects and artists.

Where did metics live in ancient Athens?

But on the whole they were involved in less profitable occupations – for instance as cooks, gardeners and workmen engaged on public buildings (the Erechtheion in 409/8 and 408/7 B.C.; Eleusis in 329/8 B.C.), cooks and gardeners. Because of their jobs, metics tended to live in demes either in or next to the asty.

What did Metics wear in ancient Athens?

Clothing for both women and men consisted of two main garments—a tunic (either a peplos or chiton) and a cloak (himation). The peplos was simply a large rectangle of heavy fabric, usually wool, folded over along the upper edge so that the overfold (apoptygma) would reach to the waist.

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What did Metics have to do in order to gain the right to live and work in Athens?

Metics were very useful to Athenian society due to the revenue they brought to the polis through their liturgies. … Regardless of how many generations in the family had lived in the city, metics could not become citizens unless the polis chose to bestow citizenship upon them as a gift.

Who were the metics in Athenian culture quizlet?

People whose family came from outside of Athens, either an individual or one whose parents came from a foreign land. Metics came to Athens mostly for trade; citizenship was sometimes awarded for distinguished service. Metics accounted for about 25% of the population of Attica.