Why did the Athenians choose officials by lottery?
Why did Athenians choose officials by lottery? … A large council chosen by lottery kept power distributed among the people.
What did Athens do with the money?
In exchange, Athenians traded honey, olive oil, silver, and beautifully painted pottery. Athenians bought and sold goods at a huge marketplace called the agora. There, merchants sold their goods from small stands.
How did Athens make money and prospered?
Athens: The Athenian economy was primarily based on trade. The land surrounding Athens could not provide enough food for all of the city’s citizens; however Athens was near the sea and had a good harbor.
How did Athenians choose their leaders and by what means?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
How was Sparta an oligarchy?
An oligarchy system was adopted in Sparta. In the oligarchy system, few people has the power to rule. Sparta also had an assembly just like Athens, but the main decisions were taken by the “Council of Elders” with two kings and twenty-eight other men as its members.
What did Athenians do for work?
Athenians were their own rulers. They debated and voted on laws in the Assembly. In their democracy, Athenians had duties. They had to obey the laws, serve in the military, help run the city, pay taxes, and serve on juries.
How did money work in ancient Greece?
Before 600 B.C.E there was no monetary system in Greece, so they utilised the barter system. This was a system of trading goods and /or services for other goods and/or services. By 500 B.C.E, each city-state began minting their own coin. A merchant usually only took coins from their own city.
Did ancient Athenians pay taxes?
Direct taxation was not well-developed in ancient Greece. The eisphorá (εἰσφορά) was a tax on the wealth of the very rich, but it was levied only when needed — usually in times of war. Large fortunes were also subject to liturgies which was the support of public works.
What was Athens main focus?
Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war. The oligarchy structure in Sparta enabled it to keep war as a top priority. The Athenian democratic government gave the citizens in Greece more freedom.
Why was Athens successful?
This rise occurred largely due to its prominent location and control of key trading routes and leadership in the wars against Persia. While other Greek cities held more powerful armies, such as Sparta, Athens’ leadership proved attractive and helped pave the way for its influence.