What did the courts do in Athens?

What did juries do in Athens?

Some trials had as many as 500 jurors who had volunteered to judge a case. Only the jury could bring in a decision that someone was guilty or innocent. The judge only kept order, but could not decide a trial outcome. THE TRIAL: Both sides presented their case.

What is the term for the courts in ancient Athens?

Normally sections of the hēliaia (specifically called dikastēria), composed of 1,501, 1,001, or 501 men in criminal cases and 201 men in civil cases, were charged with the decision. In ancient Greek civilization: Solon of ancient Greek civilization. … Solon allowed appeal to the hēliaia, or popular law court.

How are court cases decided in Athens?

Whoever received the most votes won the case. If an individual was convicted of a crime, there was a second part of the trial where the jury voted which proposed punishment would be used. The decision of the jury was final. There were no appeals in the Ancient Athenian court.

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How did Athenian trials work?

Here are the basic parameters: Any citizen could initiate a trial (there were no public prosecutors in Athens) simply by registering it with the magistrate under whose jurisdiction it fell; the magistrate would preside over a trial to be judged by a jury of 200+ randomly selected men who would listen first to …

How did the court system work in ancient Greece?

Ancient Greek courts were cheap and run by laypeople. … There were no court officials, no lawyers, and no official judges. A normal case consisted of two litigants, arguing if an unlawful act had been committed. The jury would decide whether the accused was guilty, and should he be guilty, what the punishment will be.

Who enforced law in Athens?

The Law in Ancient Greece. The traditions of Athens and Sparta say that the laws were given to them by Solon and Lycurgus, legendary figures who served as leaders of their city-states long ago. The two traditions agree that the laws are made by the Assembly and approved by the Senate.

How was a trial in ancient Athens different from one today?

Unlike a modern trial, in which evidence is presented in a highly fragmented form and later synthesized into a coherent case by the attorneys’ summation, Athenian litigants provided a largely uninterrupted narrative of their case punctuated with the reading of evidence; in an Athenian court the evidence did not make …

What was the role of the Assembly in Athens?

The ekklesia of Athens

The assembly was responsible for declaring war, military strategy and electing the strategoi and other officials. It was responsible for nominating and electing magistrates (árchontes), thus indirectly electing the members of the Areopagus.

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How long were court cases in ancient Athens?

(Portion of larger map of Bernard Suzanne. Reprinted with permission.) The trial of Socrates took place over a nine-to-ten hour period in the People’s Court, located in the agora, the civic center of Athens. The jury consisted of 500 male citizens over the age of thirty, chosen by lot from among volunteers.

How did Athenians decide if someone was guilty of a crime?

Here are the basic parameters: Any citizen could initiate a trial (there were no public prosecutors in Athens) simply by registering it with the magistrate under whose jurisdiction it fell; the magistrate would preside over a trial to be judged by a jury of 200+ randomly selected men who would listen first to …

How many Athenians could vote?

Size and make-up of the Athenian population

Citizen families could have amounted to 100,000 people and out of these some 30,000 would have been the adult male citizens entitled to vote in the assembly.

How is the Athenian law?

Athenians in the 4th century were governed by laws (nomoi or nomos, νόμος, in the singular) and decrees (psephismata, or psephisma, ψήφισμα, in the singular). Decrees were passed by a vote of the Assembly, of the Council, or both. Laws came into being by a more complicated process. Laws took precedence over Decrees.

What role did trade and commerce have in ancient Greece?

Trade was very important in ancient Greece. The Greeks even built cities in other parts of the world so they could trade goods. … Goods could be made in one part of the Mediterranean and sold in another. The Greeks spread their culture to other peoples by selling wine, olives and pottery.

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How did juries vote in Athens?

In Athens, jurors did not retire to a juryroom to deliberate–they made their decisions without discussion among themselves, based in large part on their own interpretations of the law. The 500 jurors voted on his guilt or innocence by dropping bronze ballot disks of the sort pictured above into marked urns.

Which Athenian leader wrote Athens First Constitution?

621 bce. Aristotle, the chief source for knowledge of Draco, claims that his were the first written Athenian laws and that Draco established a constitution enfranchising hoplites, the lower class soldiers.