Which of these forms of government did Sparta and Athens follow?
Oligarchy refers to a small group of people who govern a nation together. Democracy refers to a system of government in which every person has the right to participate. The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy).
When did Athens form direct democracy?
In the year 507 B.C., the Athenian leader Cleisthenes introduced a system of political reforms that he called demokratia, or “rule by the people” (from demos, “the people,” and kratos, or “power”). It was the first known democracy in the world.
What type of society was Athens?
Athenian society was a patriarchy; men held all rights and advantages, such as access to education and power. Athenian women were dedicated to the care and upkeep of the family home.
What kind of government did Sparta have quizlet?
Sparta was called an oligarchy because the real power was in the hands of a few people. The important decisions were made by the council of elders. Council members had to be at least 60 and wealthy. Council members served for life.
How did government in Athens evolve?
The democracy of Athens did not occur overnight but developed through many types of government. … The democracy that we know today traveled from a monarchy through an oligarchy through tyranny and eventually made its way to the classical form of Athenian democracy.
How was democracy structured in Athens and Sparta?
Aristocratic cities like Sparta were oligarchies. Oligarchy means “rule of the few.” Democracy was rule of the “demos” – people but only the free, native-born, males.. Athens remained a class-based society.
How was Sparta and Athens government similar?
One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an assembly, whose members were elected by the people. … Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.