What was the class system in Athens?
Athenian society was ultimately divided into four main social classes: the upper class; the metics, or middle class; the lower class, or freedmen; and the slave class. The upper class consisted of those born to Athenian parents. They were considered the citizens of Athens.
What were the 3 classes of people in Greece?
male citizens – three groups: landed aristocrats (aristoi), poorer farmers (periokoi) and the middle class (artisans and traders). semi-free labourers (e.g the helots of Sparta). women – belonging to all of the above male groups but without citizen rights.
What were the 4 types of government in Athens?
The four most common systems of Greek government were:
- Democracy – rule by the people (male citizens).
- Monarchy – rule by an individual who had inherited his role.
- Oligarchy – rule by a select group of individuals.
- Tyranny – rule by an individual who had seized power by unconstitutional means.
What were the 4 main classes in order within Sparta?
Inhabitants were classified as Spartiates (Spartan citizens, who enjoyed full rights), Mothakes (non-Spartan, free men raised as Spartans), Perioikoi (free, but non-citizen inhabitants), and Helots (state-owned serfs, part of the enslaved non-Spartan, local population).
Did classical Athens have a middle class?
The middle class was made up of people that may not have been born in Athens but were working hard at their trade. They were considered free but weren’t given the same rights permitted to the upper class. The lower class of people were just one step above the slaves.
What were the 3 main classes within Athens?
Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).
Sparta was an “Oligarchy”. … Sparta’s system of government was very exclusive and open to members of only the highest social standing. On the other hand, Athens was a democracy, which meant “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule).
Did ancient Greece have a class system?
Ancient Athens had a social hierarchy that consisted of the Upper Class, the Middle Class, the Metics, and the Slaves.
The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens.
When sociologists talk of social class, they refer to a group of individuals who occupy a similar position in the economic system of production. Within that system occupation is very important because it provides financial rewards, stability and benefits like healthcare.