Who was the second king of Attica Athens?
According to the legend, Codrus was the son of Melanthus of Pylos, who went to Attica as a refugee from the Dorian invaders (11th century bc). By defeating the Athenians’ enemies, the Boeotians, Melanthus won acceptance as king of Athens.
What were the kings of Athens were called?
“The Athenians, while the Pelasgians ruled what is now called Hellas, were Pelasgians, bearing the name of Kranai (Cranae). When Kekrops (Cecrops) was their king they were called Kekropidai (sons of Kekrops), and when Erekhtheus (Erechtheus) succeeded to the rule, they changed their name and became Athenians.
Did Sparta have 2 Kings?
Sparta in time developed a system of dual kingship (two kings ruling at once). Their power was counter-balanced by the elected board of ephors (who may only serve a single one-year term). There was also a Council of Elders (Gerousia), each member of which was over the age of 60 and could serve for life.
Who led the Athenian empire?
A Plague Broke Out In Athens 4.) Athens Lost Its Ruler And Its Power. Who led the Athenian Empire ? Pericles.
Did Sparta defeat Athens?
When Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War, it secured an unrivaled hegemony over southern Greece. Sparta’s supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. It was never able to regain its military superiority and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in the 2nd century BC.
Was Athens or Sparta better?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers.