What role did Metics have in ancient Greece?
metic, Greek Metoikos, in ancient Greece, any of the resident aliens, including freed slaves. … In Athens, where they were most numerous, they occupied an intermediate position between visiting foreigners and citizens, having both privileges and duties.
What did Metics do in ancient Athens?
Metics were a class of free non-citizens, often employed on more menial, but nevertheless vital, tasks – including trireme building, rowing and maintenance. Metics were usually Greeks from other city-states. Women of non-Athenian origin could often rise to positions of considerable influence as courtesans.
Why was Citizenship important in ancient Greece?
In many cities, like Athens, citizenship came with substantial political rights, since all citizens were legally considered to be equals. The desire to respect the rights of citizens is what led Athens to develop the world’s first democracy, as a way for people to have a say in their own government.
Why did the ancient Athenians chose to settle?
The ancient Greeks started colonies primarily because they needed more farmland to raise enough crops to feed their people.
Why were metics attracted to Athens?
Culturally why did Metics want to move to Athens? Athens during its golden age began to present itself as a city where science, art and philosophy was well ahead of the rest of the classical world. This attracted many philosophers, architects and artists.
What was the most important reason for migration in ancient Greece?
Economic and political reasons often motivated their move, both connected with the consequences of a 1946-1949 civil war and the 1967-1974 period of military junta rule that followed.
What did metics have to do in order to gain the right to live and work in Athens?
Metics were very useful to Athenian society due to the revenue they brought to the polis through their liturgies. … Regardless of how many generations in the family had lived in the city, metics could not become citizens unless the polis chose to bestow citizenship upon them as a gift.
Where did metics live in ancient Athens?
But on the whole they were involved in less profitable occupations – for instance as cooks, gardeners and workmen engaged on public buildings (the Erechtheion in 409/8 and 408/7 B.C.; Eleusis in 329/8 B.C.), cooks and gardeners. Because of their jobs, metics tended to live in demes either in or next to the asty.
What did the Perioeci do?
They had a central role in the Spartan economy, controlling commerce and business, as well as being responsible for crafts and manufacturing, including producing the weapons and armour of the Spartan Army (the Spartans considered all commercial and money-making activities to be unworthy of them).
How did citizenship work in ancient Greece?
The Athenian definition of “citizens” was also different from modern-day citizens: only free men were considered citizens in Athens. Women, children, and slaves were not considered citizens and therefore could not vote. Each year 500 names were chosen from all the citizens of ancient Athens.
How did you become a citizen in ancient Greece?
What did it mean to be a citizen of ancient Athens? Citizens. To be classed as a citizen in fifth-century Athens you had to be male, born from two Athenian parents, over eighteen years old, and complete your military service. Women, slaves, metics and children under the age of 20 were not allowed to become citizens.
Why did independent city-states emerge in ancient Greece?
Greek city-states likely developed because of the physical geography of the Mediterranean region. The landscape features rocky, mountainous land and many islands. These physical barriers caused population centers to be relatively isolated from each other. The sea was often the easiest way to move from place to place.
What was a major reason why Athens produced thinkers and artists?
Driven by curiosity and belief in reason, what did Greek thinkers, artists, and writers explore? Greek thinkers, artists, and writers explored the nature of the universe and the place of people in it.
Why did the Athenians stay within their walled city during the Peloponnesian wars?
Why did the Athenians stay within their walled city during the Peloponnesian Wars? Pericles knew they were not strong enough to defeat the Spartan army, but he thought the walls could keep them out.